Sensory integration is the ability to integrate information that arrives in the central nervous system from various sensory modalities based on advanced skills:
general motor skills,
Motoric skills form the network and the basis on which the child's knowledge is based, which plays an important role in developing the ability to communicate. Insufficient experiences, uncertainties in contact with the environment, hyperprotective education and organic injuries slow down the child's child development and prevent him from actively participating in the transfer of information to his peers.
A child with sensory-motor disorders would have difficulty in forming concepts or if the problem is caused by organizing perceptual information, in identifying relationships between objects in the environment, and in observing common ingredients in a set of objects.
In the communication process, the acquired information must be linked to those that come across the field of vision and also to those coming from the auditory field. During the child's development, the ability to integrate information increases. This ability is related to the child's intellectual and developmental level. Dysfunctional or disturbances in motor abilities, contact, vision or hearing will affect the child's ability to integrate sensory information received from stimuli in the environment. Children need to get information across all sensory channels.
Active - physically impaired children are deprived of movement, resulting in a lack of a wide variety of visual, auditory (hearing senses) and tactile (typical) experiences. We expect that the intellectual and communication development of physically disabled children will be affected by the fact that physical limitations of movement are so great that they limit and inhibit, impede basic cognitive functions such as selection, sorting and comparison that are necessary for the development of communication skills or skills - writing, reading, .. The consequences of reduced contact with the environment are serious, and this lagging development of sensual motor skills increases the risk of failure in education.
Skills and abilities in the field of speech and language are also based on good hearing comprehension and memory. For the normal development of speech, the correct articulation of the first votes is important. In the event of a brain injury, speech centers and mouth muscles are affected. The consequence is that swallowing and general movement of the language is affected, which is the preparation for the normal development of speech. Inadequate expression of children's thoughts, desires and needs as the basic content of communication and the underdevelopment of the necessary cognitive functions for this, brain and muscular damage to speech centers or locomotor apparatus cause limited speech use. For an island that is not affected by any of the above mentioned methods, it is essential that it gets the appropriate assistance as soon as possible if we want to advance in the communication skills.
The development of speech and non-verbal communication is also important, which in the first year of the child's life is very important and necessary for healthy development. If this time is missed, it is important that we begin to use corrective techniques in therapy to improve the child's communication and speech. An important approach to addressing physically handicapped children is an integrated approach. We do not correct the individual parts of the body and the muscles, but the movement of the whole body. We are not guided by commandments and instructions, but mediate normal patterns of movement - facilitating and preventing abnormal patterns of motion - inhibition.
The aim is to integrate normal patterns of movement into the child's own sensory-motion experience through which the child acquires active automatic movements. With such work, the concept of integrated treatment achieves a better quality of primary oral functions (suction, swallowing, biting, chewing, spoon feeding and drinking from the crucible), active oral control and coordinated breathing. An active eye contact is established, and therefore better coordination of the eye - arm, arm - arm and arm - mouth. All these elements represent the basis of communication and a later speech. // Ryder - video
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B3BcfFV7iHI (Marissa) - 45 sekund
Institute of Education of the Republic of Slovenia 2013. Home page. [www.zrss.si/doc/210911082059__pp_gib_komunikacija.doc].
(pridobljeno 26. maj 2013)